Which Decisions Can Be Appealed?
If you are unhappy with an NCAT decision, you may be considering an appeal. It’s important to understand which decisions can and cannot be appealed to the NCAT Appeal Panel.
In NSW, the decisions that can be appealed include:
- Most decisions made in the Administrative and Equal Opportunity Division
- Decisions made in the Guardianship Division
- Decisions made in the Occupational Division relating to occupations licensed by State law and regulated by State authorities
- Decisions made in the Consumer and Commercial Division (some exclusions apply)
- Decisions of a Registrar that are declared to be ‘appealable decisions’
It’s important to note that internal appeals can only be made on a question of law. This means that you can only appeal a decision based on the legal process that was followed to arrive at the decision, not on the merits of the decision itself. However, an appeal can be made about the merits of a decision if the Appeal Panel grants leave.
Decisions That Cannot Be Appealed to the NCAT Appeal Panel in NSW
While the NCAT Appeal Panel can hear and determine most appeals of NCAT decisions, there are some decisions that cannot be appealed. It is important to understand these restrictions before deciding to file an appeal.
The following types of decisions cannot be appealed to the NCAT Appeal Panel in NSW:
- NCAT Appeal Panel decisions
- Decisions of the Tribunal in an external appeal – this is usually where an NCAT matter has been started by a person lodging an External Appeal form with the Tribunal
- Decisions about contempt of the Tribunal or a contravention of a civil penalty provision
- Some decisions of the Tribunal where a civil penalty is imposed on a person
- Decisions that are made for the purposes of an Act that states an internal appeal are not allowed
It’s essential to have a clear understanding of the decisions that can and cannot be appealed to the NCAT Appeal Panel in NSW. This can help you determine if you have the right to appeal and what steps to take next in the appeals process.
How Long Do You Have to Appeal an NCAT Decision?
Timeframe for Lodging Notice of Appeal
If you are considering appealing an NCAT decision, it is important to act quickly. The timeframe for lodging a Notice of Appeal is generally 28 days from the date of the decision.
This means that you have 28 days to inform the NCAT that you wish to appeal the decision.
Residential Proceedings Timeframe
In residential proceedings, such as disputes between landlords and tenants, the timeframe is shorter. If you are a party in a residential proceeding, you only have 21 days to lodge a Notice of Appeal.
Shorter or Longer Timeframe Stated by Relevant Legislation
It is important to note that some relevant legislation may have a shorter or longer timeframe for lodging a Notice of Appeal. For example, the Strata Schemes Management Act 2015 has a timeframe of only 21 days to lodge a Notice of Appeal.
Seeking Extension of Time
If you have missed the deadline for lodging a Notice of Appeal, you may seek an extension of time from the Appeal Panel. You will need to show a good reason for the delay, and the Appeal Panel will consider factors such as the length of the delay and the impact on other parties.
Lodging Notice of Appeal by Deadline and Paying Fee
It is essential to lodge the Notice of Appeal by the deadline, otherwise, you may lose the right to appeal the decision. The Notice of Appeal should be accompanied by a fee, which varies depending on the type of matter and the relief sought. It is important to note that if the fee is not paid, the appeal may not be heard.
How to Appeal an NCAT Decision
How an Expert Construction Lawyer Can Help
Appealing an NCAT decision can be complex, so it’s essential to understand what can and cannot be appealed, how long you have to appeal, and how to go about it.
An expert construction lawyer can provide legal advice, help you complete the Notice of Appeal, represent you at the hearing, negotiate a settlement, and ensure compliance with NCAT rules. Contact an expert construction lawyer to discuss your options and protect your rights and interests.