When Your Builder Commits Breach of Contract
Have you experienced these when building or renovating your home?:
How Do I Know if There’s Been Breach?
Let’s look at what constitutes breach, and the kinds of contracts it affects.
What constitutes a breach?
A breach happens when one party violates any of the agreements embodied in the contract, or when one party “repudiates” the contract. What do we mean by “violation” and “repudiation”?
- Violation means “going against.” In the example above, the contractor, by his actions, violated the agreements in their contract.
- Repudiation means that one party evinces an intention to no longer be bound by the terms of the contract; or that they are unable to perform the obligations under the contract. In short, when one party refuses (or becomes unable) to perform his obligations under the contract, there is repudiation. An example would be abandonment of the project.
What are the kinds of contracts it affects?
Construction contracts may either be standard form, or drawn up by the contractor from scratch. Standard forms are the more commonly used contracts. These are the pre-printed forms that just need to be filled in by the parties, and which are available through Australia’s construction industry associations like Master Builders and Housing Industry Association, and through the NSW Fair Trading.
Now, depending on the type and extent of breach, but regardless of the type of contract, if your rights have been breached, you have the following options:
1. Sue for Damages ; or
2. Terminate the Contract
This remedy entitles you to an amount of money from the erring contractor, to compensate you for your loss. The amount is variable; you could claim, among others, actual damages, which requires proof of actual loss, and is computed to reflect the same; or you could claim liquidated damages, if the construction contract contains a clause providing for the same.
B. Termination of the Contract
Another option is to terminate the contract. The availability of this remedy is dependent on several factors. What are these?
- There was a breach of an essential term; or
- There was breach of an innominate term, where the effect of the breach has serious consequences; or
- The erring party repudiated the contract; or
- When a party has a right to terminate under the contract.
Now, a party’s right to terminate may be either:
a) written into the contract, as in number 4; or
b) even without a written clause allowing a party to terminate, they may still do so on the basis of numbers 1-3.
Let us explain further.
Which of These is Right for You
So now you know the most common remedies provided by law (Home Building Act 1989 (NSW)). The next question is, which of those options should you take?
Offhand, what we could offer are practical solutions:
Your Options, Moving Forward
Of course, all details and factual circumstances must be taken into consideration in deciding what the best course of action is for your particular situation. Decisions are made on a case-to-case basis.
Contracts Specialist offers advisory opinion as well as a full range of services relating to the vindication of your rights, whether you choose to pursue an action in, or out, of court.
Don’t let your rights be trampled upon. Call us. Your first consult is on us.